Monthly Archives: November 2013

Before Going Solar – Create An Energy Conservation Plan & Checklist

by Helen Deffenbacher

Our nonprofit organization supports all green energy technologies. Green energy includes renewable sources such as solar, wind, and geothermal, but also it includes energy efficiency and conservation. As the popular saying goes, “The greenest energy of all is that which is never used.”

Energy conservation is one of the easiest things individuals and communities can do to reduce our carbon footprint and help to mitigate climate change. Each action step we take, large and small, enables us to use energy more efficiently and sparingly and to save money.

Enormous reserves of this greenest energy of all have yet to be tapped, but as more and more business and home owners take measures to become more energy efficient, utilizing tried and true as well as new ideas and products, tens of thousands more green jobs will be added to the workforce, further boosting our local economies, while benefiting the environment.

It’s also cost-effective to make our homes and businesses as energy efficient as possible before going solar. It decreases the required size of a solar system, saving a substantial amount of money in upfront costs. Heating water accounts for a significant portion of electricity bills, so you may want to install a water heating system first, especially if your household uses a lot of hot water. It’s the next-to-least expensive of the three types of solar systems.

The solar air system, used primarily for daytime space heating and secondarily for domestic hot water, is the least expensive of the three types of solar systems and also provides an excellent auxiliary energy source.

Either of these options, combined with an ongoing energy conservation plan, can significantly reduce your energy costs, especially over the lifespan of the solar panels, which generally last 25 to 30 years. Solar electric systems (photovoltaics) are moderate to high in cost, depending, of course, on how much of your energy requirements you want the system to provide and the size array you select.

Getting back to energy conservation: Switching to light bulbs that use the least amount of energy and replacing old appliances with energy-efficient models are two big steps to consider. Free or low-cost steps such as plugging air leaks (see a link to “how to” information on the sample checklist below), installing a programmable thermostat, hanging laundry on drying racks or clothes lines–plus many other free and low-cost action steps also save significant amounts of energy and money.

A great number of websites offer tips on energy conservation. These can seem overwhelming if we try to do too many of them all at once. Creating an energy-efficient home is an ongoing process, something to work toward in our daily lives while keeping this long-term goal in mind.

The best energy conservation checklists aren’t static but are subject to revision as we discover more information and tips and learn about new and innovative energy-efficiency products and practices. Today, millions of Americans are changing the ways they think about and use energy, and that’s having a profound impact on local economies all across our nation.

When we take charge of our home or business energy conservation plan and create our own checklist that works well within our time frame and budget, this becomes an enjoyable pursuit or even “hobby.” It’s one in which we can and should encourage our children and grandchildren to help create and maintain, especially when energy and the choices we make today are going to greatly impact their lives. I’ve listed several websites, below, where they can learn about renewable energy and ways to help their families save energy and money—plus many more resources for grownups.

The recommended first step has two parts: an energy audit and an energy conservation checklist. An energy audit gives you an overall plan while a checklist is a fun way for you and your family to record ideas and web links as you discover them.  Even if you choose to hire an energy efficiency expert to complete a home or business audit for you, it’s good to check out what it entails, especially if you are a do-it-yourselfer and would like to complete as much of the recommended work as possible.

RESOURCES – HOME ENERGY AUDIT

Energy.Gov has videos and publications on do-it-yourself home energy audits, including the downloadable PDF, Guide to Home Energy Assessmentshttp://energy.gov/public-services/homes/home-weatherization/home-energy-audits
Home Energy Saver is an interactive do-it-yourself home energy assessment tool. The website was developed and is maintained by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with sponsorship from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and others:  http://www.HomeEnergySaver.lbl.gov/consumer
Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) provides a database of Home Energy Professionals, searchable by state or zip code, a company’s name, or trade, for example: energy auditors, air-sealing contractors, insulation contractors, renewable energy contractors. www.resnet.us

 
ADDITIONAL WEBSITES
Cleaner Greener Lincoln (Solar Energy) http://lincoln.ne.gov/city/mayor/energy/solar.htm
Energy.Gov – Energy Saver 101 http://energy.gov/energysaver/energy-saver
Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home http://energy.gov/energysaver/downloads/energy-savers-guide
Energy Star www.energystar.gov
Kilowattchers – Energy Conservation Challenge for Lincoln Electric System Customers http://www.kilowattchers.com
Lincoln Electric System’s Money-Saving Ideas http://www.les.com/your_home/money_tips.aspx
Nebraska Public Power District – Ways to Save Energy & Money http://www.nppd.com/save-energy
Omaha Public Power District’s Road Map to Energy Savings http://oppd.com/prodconsump10g/groups/web/documents/webcontent/22_008051.pdf
Omaha Public Power District’s Watt Detector Program – in partnership with local libraries http://www.oppd.com/AimGreen/EnergyInformationCenter/22_006850

VIDEOS – U.S. Department of Energy
Energy 101: Home Energy Assessment
http://energy.gov/public-services/homes/home-weatherization/home-energy-audits
Energy 101: Solar PV http://energy.gov/videos/energy-101-solar-pv
Heating & Cooling – Energy.Gov http://energy.gov/public-services/homes/heating-cooling
Saving Electricity http://energy.gov/public-services/homes/saving-electricity
Tips: Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/tips-renewable-energy

BOOKS
Insulate & Weatherize, by Bruce Harley
2014 Solar Electricity Handbook, by Michael Boxwell

INCENTIVES & FINANCING
Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) for Nebraska
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/index.cfm?re=0&ee=0&spv=0&st=0&srp=1&state=NE
Energy-Efficient Mortgages – Eligible renewables and other technologies include: Passive Solar Space Heat, Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Photovoltaics, and Daylighting
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=US36F&re=0&ee=0
Nebraska Energy Office’s Dollar and Energy Saving Loans are offered statewide by the Nebraska Energy Office and the state’s lending institutions: http://www.neo.ne.gov/loan/
Solar energy systems installed before December 31, 2016 also qualify for a 30% federal tax credit. For more information, click on this link:
http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/homeowner.cfm?state=NE&re=0&ee=0

WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
Nebraska Energy Office’s Information and Contacts on Low Income Weatherization Assistance Program – Frequently Asked Questions
http://www.neo.ne.gov/wx/wxindex.htm#FAQ
Nebraska Energy Office’s Weatherization Assistance Center
http://www.neo.ne.gov/wx/news/wxassist.htm

FUN WEBSITES FOR KIDS
Energy Kids http://www.eia.gov/kids
Energy Quest http://energyquest.ca.gov/index.html
Energy Star Kids http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=kids.kids_index
PowerUp www.powerupthegame.org

CREATING A CHECKLIST
The following checklist is one I put together as former co-chair of the Green Neighborhood Council, one of the five councils that make up the Green Omaha Coalition. If you want, use it as a starting point to create your own energy conservation checklist, giving certain items your preferred priority and adding new ideas and web links as you and your family discover them.

A SAMPLE CHECKLIST OF WAYS TO SAVE ENERGY & MONEY

Free or Low-Cost
√  Plug air leaks. For how-to information, log onto: http://ase.org/resources/home-building-efficiency-tips-plugging-air-leaks
√  Turn off lights in unoccupied rooms.
√  Use natural light whenever possible.
√  Focus your lighting on tasks, using a lamp instead of an overhead lighting fixture that requires several bulbs.
√  Plug home electronics into power strips and turn the power strips off when the equipment is not being used.
√  Install gasket seals (available at hardware stores) under the cover plates on electrical outlets along outside walls
√  During cold weather, instead of adjusting the thermostat, put on a sweater or jacket and keep throw blankets handy.  Put extra covers on beds as needed.
√  In hot weather, wear lightweight and light-colored clothing.
√  During the winter, open curtains or shades on south-facing windows to allow sunlight to warm your home. Close them at night to keep the heat in.
√  Install an Energy Star qualified programmable thermostat.
√  In hot weather, use shades, drapes and other window coverings on south and west-facing windows to keep out excess heat.
√  During hot weather months, use a fan whenever possible, instead of cooling the entire house.
√  Set your water heater at 120° or 130° when home and the lowest setting when away.
√  Wash your clothes in cold or warm water.
√  Run your dishwasher when fully loaded.
√  Use the “air dry” setting on your dishwasher.
√  Choose the shortest cycle that properly cleans your dishes and clothes.
√  Adjust the water level on your clothes washer according to the load size.
√  Use clothes lines and/or drying racks instead of your dryer, especially for laundry you don’t wear.  If you air-dry your wearables, you can get wrinkles out by tossing a damp cloth in with them and drying them for 10-15 minutes.
√  Keep your dryer’s lint trap clean to keep it working efficiently.
√  Clean or replace dirty filters as needed on your furnace, air conditioner, vacuum cleaner, and other household equipment to keep them working at optimum levels, requiring less energy.
√  Cook with small appliances when possible: microwave, toaster oven, electric skillet, and slow cooker, for example.
√  Set your refrigerator temperature between 36° F and 42° F and the freezer between -5° F and +6° F. A small thermometer in each of them will help you set it correctly.
√  Reduce, reuse, recycle, & repair. Each time you do, you’re saving energy.
√  Buy recycled products to save energy.

Pricier but cost-effective over the long-term
√  When replacing old appliances, computers, table lamps, and light fixtures, choose Energy Star products, which save energy and money in the long run. For more information, visit: www.energystar.gov
√  Replace your less energy-efficient light bulbs with ones that save energy and money over their lifetime, starting with those that are most-frequently used. The Alliance to Save Energy provides a series of six videos on energy-efficient lighting: http://www.ase.org/resources/buying-best-bulb-energy-efficient-lighting-video-tips
√  Use outdoor solar lighting: http://www.energy.gov/energysaver/articles/outdoor-solar-lighting
√  Add Insulation as needed: http://www.energy.gov/energysaver/articles/adding-insulation-existing-home  Also: http://www.energy.gov/energysaver/articles/where-insulate-home
√  Purchase an Energy Star qualified water heater http://www.ase.org/resources/water-efficiency-tankless-water-heaters 

FREE WORKSHOPS ON ENERGY CONSERVATION AND SOLAR ENERGY
Please watch our calendar for announcements about these events, which are always free and open to the public.

Cap Dierks, Don Preister to be honored for wind industry promotion, World-Herald News Service

NORFOLK, Neb. — Wind development in Nebraska would not be where it is today without two pioneering state senators who recognized the need and opportunity to start the wind industry movement, organizers of the upcoming Nebraska Wind Conference said.

That’s why former State Sens. M.L. “Cap” Dierks of Ewing and Don Preister will be recognized for their contributions to the wind industry at the organization’s conference Wednesday through Friday.

To finish reading this announcement, click on this link: www.omaha.com/article/20131111/NEWS/131119857/1707 

Frytown, Iowa, co-op strives to be leader in harnessing solar power, The Associated Press

FRYTOWN, Iowa — For the past five years, in the unincorporated community of Frytown, southwest of Iowa City, Farmers Electric Cooperative has been one of the state’s leading proponents of solar power.

And with plans to purchase about nine acres of land south of Farmers Electric Co-op headquarters near Kalona, co-op manager Warren McKenna said the oldest rural electric cooperative in Iowa is on the verge of taking solar power to a whole new level.

To continue reading, click here: http://www.omaha.com/article/20131111/NEWS/131119858

The American Renewable Energy and Efficiency Act Introduced by Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Massachusetts)

Last week Massachusetts Democratic Senator Edward Markey introduced his first bill in the Senate, The American Renewable and Energy Efficiency Act, that would require utilities to generate a minimum of 25% of their electricity from renewable energy sources by 2025.  A summary of the bill begins with these statements:

Overwhelming majorities of Americans from both parties and across the country want greater access to clean energy. And they want government policies that support greater deployment of these technologies

The American Renewable Energy and Efficiency Act would create huge benefits for consumers, create jobs, and protect the environment by requiring electric utilities to obtain a minimum of 25 percent of their electricity from renewable sources like wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, and biomass by 2025. The bill also requires electric and natural gas utilities to implement energy efficiency programs that would save the equivalent of 15 percent and 10 percent of sales, respectively, by 2025.

To continue reading this summary, click on this link:
http://www.markey.senate.gov/documents/2013-10-31_EERES_Summary.pdf

To read the entire bill, click here:
http://www.markey.senate.gov/documents/2013-10-31_MarkeyRESEERS.pdf

Markey Bill Creates Jobs, Quadruples America’s Clean Electricity Production –  You Tube Video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7Mf2f8M4XM

The bill is supported by the following environmental and trade groups:

American Wind Energy Association, National Hydropower Association, Solar Energy Industry Association, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, TechNet, New England Clean Energy Council, Natural Resources Defense Council, Union of Concerned Scientists, League of Conservation Voters, The Pew Charitable Trusts, Environment America, Sierra Club, The Wilderness Society, First Wind, Ameresco, National Wildlife Foundation, Conservation Law Foundation

Rural Electric Cooperatives – Leaders in the Growth of Renewable Energy

A report prepared by Helen Deffenbacher

The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), with offices in Arlington, Virginia and Lincoln, Nebraska, lists over 900 cooperatives in its membership directory.

Private, not-for-profit, and member-owned, many have served rural communities for decades, some dating back to the 1930’s and the New Deal Era, or even before. They are the largest electric utility network in America, providing service to approximately 42 million people in 47 states.

Rural electric cooperatives are governed by their consumers (known as consumer-members), and their governing principles are: voluntary and open membership; democratic member control; members’ economic participation; autonomy and independence; education, training and information; cooperation among cooperatives; and concern for community.

The following information, posted on NRECA’s website, further outlines what rural electric cooperatives are all about:

•    Electric cooperatives support appropriate federal funding for renewable energy research and development, including incentives to fully utilize domestic resources that are available to all segments of the industry on an equitable basis, including Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREBs).
•    Electric cooperatives oppose mandates on electric utilities if they undermine local board control of power supply decision-making, threaten system reliability, or unduly raise the cost of electricity for members.
•    Electric cooperatives believe that electric power from federally owned hydroelectric projects are especially important sources of affordable electricity for electric co-ops.

Just as rural electric cooperatives have changed the energy landscape over previous decades, they are continuing to play that role today in a major way, expanding options for their member-consumers to include renewable energy and contributing to its rapid deployment.

Over the last five years there has been tremendous growth among rural cooperatives in renewable energy development. Currently, over 90% offer their member-consumers one or more renewable energy options: wind, solar, geothermal, hydropower, biomass, and manure methane.

There are 34 rural electric cooperatives in Nebraska listed in NRECA’s Membership Directory. According to the organization’s latest update, all but five of them now include renewable energy options in their portfolios, primarily hydropower and wind. Six provide solar energy as a choice for their member-consumers. (See Resources, below, to access this information).

One major contributing factor to the growth of renewable energy among rural electric cooperatives is the Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREB) mentioned earlier. The IRS has approved $900 million in Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (CREB) allocations for cooperatives’ renewable energy development.

A second contributing factor is simple and practical. With the costs of fossil fuels continuing to rise, renewable sources of energy provide cooperatives near and long-term price stability.

A third factor is that the majority of cooperatives, judging by NREA’s statistics, have apparently concluded that it’s the right thing to do for their communities. Rural electric cooperatives have a long history of investment in the common good of their communities. “Concern for community,” as mentioned earlier, is one of the seven principles informing and guiding rural electric cooperatives’ decisions and actions. Wind, solar, and other renewable sources of energy are bringing economic development to rural communities across America, creating jobs, and further empowering or revitalizing local economies.

A fourth factor that’s helping to transform the energy landscape in our rural communities has to do with another of the seven principles mentioned earlier, ”cooperation among cooperatives.” Information sharing creates excitement and interest in renewable energy, and collaboration among cooperatives contributes to a community’s success in planning and developing it.

The old and now trite saying, “It takes a village . . . “ doesn’t apply here. It takes many villages, rural and urban, and millions of people working together to transform the energy landscape in our nation. That transformation, of course, is occurring now in communities all across America, thanks in large measure to networks like the NRECA and many, many others.

Resources

NRECA’s website: http://www.nreca.coop

The search feature included with the interactive map posted at the web address, below, provides access to information and links to each of the rural electric cooperatives in our state that have renewables in their portfolios:
http://www.nreca.coop/wp-content/plugins/nreca-interactive-maps/RenewableEnergy/index.html 

NRECA’s Membership Directory is available at the link, below. Select “country” and then “state” to access a list of Nebraska Rural Electric Cooperatives:
http://www.nreca.coop/about-electric-cooperatives/member-directory/

Historic Hydros, by Charlie Powell, Network Magazine, a quarterly publication that tells the stories of the people and communities of Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association. Tri-State is a not-for profit wholesale energy supplier owned by 44 cooperatives that it serves in Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico and Wyoming. Renewable energy currently comprises 15% of Tri-State’s energy portfolio, including: solar, wind, federal hydro, small hydro, and biomass:
http://www.tristate.coop/NewsCenter/documents/Network-Fall-2013.pdf

Cooperatives in the news:

The Solar Electric Power Association recently recognized two cooperatives for achieving highest honors: www.nreca.coop/co-ops-win-top-solar-awards/
Frytown, Iowa, co-op strives to be leader in harnessing solar power, The Associated Press  http://www.omaha.com/article/20131111/NEWS/131119858